Who is responsible in a crash when a traffic light is flashing?

The duties you have when a traffic light is flashing depend on Ohio Revised Code §4511.13 and the equivalent local Ordinance.

If you approach a traffic light with a flashing red signal indication, you must:

  1. Stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if there is no stop line, stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection;
  2. If there is no crosswalk, stop at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection.
  3. After making a complete stop, you must yield the right-of-way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another roadway, whether it be the driver moving across or within the intersection or junction of the roadways.

If you approach a traffic light with a flashing yellow signal indication, you must:

  1. Cautiously enter the intersection to proceed straight through or turn right or left or make a u-turn movement unless such movement is prohibited by lane-use signs, turn prohibition signs, lane markings, roadway design, separate turn signal indications, or other traffic control devices.
  2. Yield the right-of-way to both of the following:
  • Pedestrians lawfully within an associated crosswalk;
  •  Other vehicles lawfully within the intersection.
  1. Yield the right-of-way to other vehicles approaching from the opposite direction.

If you approach a malfunctioning traffic control signal light, and the signal facing you either displays no colored lights or colored lighted arrows or displays a combination of such lights or arrows that fails to clearly designate who has the right-of-way, you must:

1. Stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if there is no stop lone, stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection, or, if there is no crosswalk, stop before entering the intersection;

2. Yield the right-of-way to all vehicles in the intersection or approaching the intersection on an intersecting road, whether it be the driver moving across or within the intersection or junction of the roadways.

 

 

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